Watershed Info No 1241

Daniel Salzler                                                                                No. 1241                                                     

  EnviroInsight.org                    Five Items                          February 16, 2024     

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  1. Tucson Manages It’s Water.  Here’s how:
    • 22.8 billion gallons (30,529,744 ccf) of drinking water delivered
    • 4.2 billion gallons (5,606,460 ccf) of recycled (reclaimed) water for public use spaces   delivered for places like schools, parks, and golf courses
    • Approximately 5.1 miles of distribution mains replaced
    • 92,479 acre-feet of Colorado River Water recharged
    • 11,253 acre-feet of reclaimed water recharged
    • 2 new production wells drilled   

2. Winter Water In The Shape Of Snowflakes Take On Billions Of Confiigurations.   Snowflakes are unique and amazing? Below are examples of a few snowflakes photographed here by Alexey Kljatov in incredible macro .

What stunning shapes nature is capable of achieving. From simple to detailed and exquisite, it’s wild to think of the billions of different formations that are capable from frozen flakes.  

These amazing snowflake designs are just a small sample of the billions of different configurations that can be found.  Source: Alexey Kljatov for Moss and Fog [https://mossandfog.com/gorgeous-snowflakes-show-exquisite-geometry-and-limitless-variation/?utm_source=join1440&utm_medium=email]\

2. Do You Know This Word?  Dithyramb n [DITH-ə-ram]

Part of speech: noun

Origin: Latin from Greek, early 17th century

   1.A wild choral hymn of ancient Greece, especially one dedicated to Dionysus.

   2.A passionate or inflated speech, poem, or other writing.

 Examples of dithyramb in a sentence

  “The revelers joyfully sang a dithyramb as they danced through Athens.”

  “John delivered an energetic dithyramb on the power of education.”

3. CAP University Virtual Learning: CAP University Deeper Dive on Water Quality.  February 21, 2024 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. MST

CAP University’s Deeper Dive on Water Quality will provide information on the overall quality of Colorado River water and the quality of the water that flows through the CAP canal. Other topics will include how CAP monitors and notifies water users on water quality, and what the future holds for moving additional supplies through the CAP canal.

To register, go online to https://www.eventbrite.com/e/cap-university-deeper-dive-on-water-quality-tickets-800051845607

4. Climas:  Southwest Climate Outlook  January 2024

Precipitation and Temperature

Arizona precipitation ranged from above normal in the south to below normal in the northern part of the state.

December temperatures were above normal

across the Southwest, and much above normal for parts of a large part of Arizona.


Drought and abnormally dry conditions are widespread across the Southwest, with the most intense drought conditions occurring in southern New Mexico, where over 6% of the state’s area has been under Exceptional Drought conditions since late September 2023. 37% of New Mexico and 6% of Arizona are classified under Extreme Drought or worse. Severe Drought conditions are affecting 36% of Arizona. Conditions are Moderate or worse for 63% of Arizona.

Snowpack and Stream Flow

Snowpack in the Southwest is generally falling short of normal for this time of year, with only a handful of

Green 90% to 109%

Yellow 70% to 89%
Orange 50% to 69%
Red < 50%

basins reporting near normal or above normal snow water equivalent (SWE) measurements.

Natural Has no data available

Number = snowpack in inches
Source USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service

Consequently, streamflow forecasts are broadly predicting flows below normal, except for basins of the Salt, Verde, Gila, and Pecos, where forecasts are calling for near-normal or above-normal streamflow.

Water Supply

Reservoir levels in Arizona are above where they were at this time last year, and aside from Lakes Mead and Powell, levels are at or above the long-term average.

Seasonal Forecasts 

The seasonal forecast for February-April precipitation calls for equal chances of above-normal, below-normal, or near normal precipitation in most of Arizona. 

The forecast leans toward above-normal precipitation for western Arizona.   

The February-April seasonal temperature forecast calls for equal chances of above-, below-, and near-normal temperatures for Arizona.

White = Equal Chance    

5.  Celebrating President’s Day, 2024.  President’s Day is a federal holiday that is always celebrated on the third Monday of February (February 19, 2024)  

The holiday was originally established in 1885 in recognition

of President George Washington but became known as President’s Day as part of  the 1971 Uniform Monday Holiday Act.  This allows American’s to honor the birthdays of Washington, Lincoln and all U.S. presidents, past and present.

While Washington’s Birthday was an unofficial observance for most of the 1800s, it was not until the late 1870s that it became a federal holiday. Senator Stephen Wallace Dorsey of Arkansas was the first to propose the measure, and in 1879 President Rutherford B. Hayes signed it into law.

The holiday initially only applied to the District of Columbia, but in 1885 it was expanded to the whole country. At the time, Washington’s Birthday joined four other nationally recognized federal bank holidays—Christmas Day, New Year’s Day, the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving—and was the first to celebrate the life of an individual American. Martin Luther King Jr. Day, signed into law in 1983, was the second.

The shift from Washington’s Birthday to Presidents’ Day began in the late 1960s, when Congress proposed a measure known as the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. Championed by Senator Robert McClory of Illinois, this law sought to shift the celebration of several federal holidays from specific dates to a series of predetermined Mondays.

The proposed change was seen by many as a novel way to create more three-day weekends for the nation’s workers, and it was believed that ensuring holidays always fell on the same weekday would reduce employee absenteeism. While some argued that shifting holidays from their original dates would cheapen their meaning, the bill also had widespread support from both the private sector and labor unions and was seen as a surefire way to bolster retail sales.

The Uniform Monday Holiday Act also included a provision to combine the celebration of Washington’s birthday with that of Abraham Lincoln, which fell on February 12. Lincoln’s Birthday had long been a state holiday in places like Illinois, and many supported joining the two days as a way of giving equal recognition to two of America’s most famous statesmen. Source: https://www.history.com/topics/holidays/presidents-day

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